Forget 5G, China is working on 6G – but what does it do?


via TechInAsia: Consumers can’t buy 5G phones yet. But China is already talking about what comes next: 6G. Su Xin, head of 5G technology working group at China’s Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said that China is starting research into 6G concepts this year. The country first started looking into 6G in March, making it one of the first countries to do so. Su said that the actual development of 6G will officially begin in 2020, but commercial use will most likely have to wait until 2030. The arrival of 5G has been touted as a big deal. It’s not just because it promises to bring fast mobile internet, it should also enable us to connect with machines – like gadgets, industrial machines and autonomous vehicles. 5G is the name of the next-generation wireless technology that promises far faster internet access than 4G. Experts predict it will begin to take off in 2019, enhancing communications among Internet of Things devices. So what is 6G supposed to bring that 5G can’t, especially for ordinary folks? For one thing, it could make mobile internet speeds of 1 TB per second mainstream. This means you could download around 100 films in less than a second. (It’s worth noting that researchers at the University of Surrey in England have already achieved that with 5G… but only inside a lab.) Of course, 2030 is a long way away, so the actual applications of this technology may be hard to imagine. As Verizon executive Andrea Caldini… Read more

New driverless car technology could make traffic lights and speeding tickets obsolete


via Science Daily: Imagine a daily commute that’s orderly instead of chaotic. Connected and automated vehicles could provide that relief by adjusting to driving conditions with little to no input from drivers. When the car in front of you speeds up, yours would accelerate, and when the car in front of you screeches to a halt, your car would stop, too. At the University of Delaware, Andreas Malikopoulos uses control theory to develop algorithms that will enable this technology of the future. In two recently published papers, Malikopoulos, who was recently named the Terri Connor Kelly and John Kelly Career Development Professor of Mechanical Engineering, describes innovations in connected and automated vehicle technology pioneered in two laboratories at the University, the UD Scaled Smart City (UDSSC) testbed and a driving simulator facility. “We are developing solutions that could enable the future of energy efficient mobility systems,” said Malikopoulos. “We hope that our technologies will help people reach their destinations more quickly and safely while conserving fuel at the same time.” Making traffic lights obsolete Someday cars might talk to each other to coordinate traffic patterns. Malikopoulos and collaborators from Boston University recently developed a solution to control and minimize energy consumption in connected and automated vehicles crossing an urban intersection that lacked traffic signals. Then they used software to simulate their results and found that their framework allowed connected and automated vehicles to conserve momentum and fuel while also improving travel time. The results were published in the journal Automatica. Saving… Read more

MINI Living Takes An Urban Design Adventure in Beijing


via Forbes: Urban Cabin draws on traditional Beijing residential architecture, exploring ways to maximize the quality of living within a small city space. In its latest project, MINI Living collaborates with local architect Dayong Sun for this micro-apartment concept built on a surface area of just 15-square-meters. Yet, despite its small footprint, Urban Cabin provides an adequate and flexible temporary living space, as well as plenty of possibilities to explore new ways of urban life. The design is concerned with responding to location, to cultural identity, architectural history and residential needs. Urban Cabin re-interprets traditional forms of habitat in China as a way of stimulating a dialogue with the past and present. It looks at how, even in the tiniest of places, quality of life can be improved through progressive design. Urban Cabin Beijing is the latest project within the MINI Living research initiative. How we live, move and occupy ever-growing and ever-populated cities is a pressing concern. As more and more people move to urban areas, as cities balloon into sprawling megacities, we simply need to look at alternative forms of housing, transport and concepts of ownership. MINI has been involved in a long-term research project in this very area. However, unlike other car companies solely focused on mobility solutions, BMW’s quirky urban brand is delving into architecture. For the last few years, MINI Living has worked directly with established and emerging international architects to find new forms of habitat, simultaneously examining its role in this near-future scenario. So far… Read more

Artificial Intelligence to help save lives at five new technology centres


Via Gov.UK : The UK’s Artificial Intelligence revolution gets new backing, as the Business Secretary announces five new centres of excellence for digital pathology and imaging, including radiology, using AI medical advances. Patients are set to benefit from radical advances in medical technology using artificial intelligence to diagnose diseases at an earlier stage The centres will use AI, an area the government is backing in its modern Industrial Strategy, to find new ways to speed up diagnosis of diseases to improve outcomes for patients Based in Leeds, Oxford, Coventry, Glasgow and London – but each with partners across many parts of the UK – the centres will develop more intelligent analysis of medical imaging, leading to better clinical decisions for patients, and freeing more staff time for direct patient care in the NHS New centres announced today will bring together doctors, businesses and academics to develop products using these advances in digital technology to improve early diagnosis of disease, including cancer by detecting abnormalities. The products developed at the new centres will offer more personalised treatment for patients while freeing up doctors to spend more time caring for patients. The investment in large-scale genomics and image analysis will drive new understanding of how complex diseases develop, in a proactive step to ensure people get the right treatment at the right time. Business Secretary Greg Clark said: *AI has the potential to revolutionise healthcare and improve lives for the better. That’s why our modern Industrial Strategy puts pioneering technologies at the heart… Read more

Extending the life of low-cost, compact, lightweight batteries


Via Science Daily : A new method can greatly extend the life of inexpensive, compact, lightweight metal-air batteries. Metal-air batteries are one of the lightest and most compact types of batteries available, but they can have a major limitation: When not in use, they degrade quickly, as corrosion eats away at their metal electrodes. Now, MIT researchers have found a way to substantially reduce that corrosion, making it possible for such batteries to have much longer shelf lives. While typical rechargeable lithium-ion batteries only lose about 5 percent of their charge after a month of storage, they are too costly, bulky, or heavy for many applications. Primary (nonrechargeable) aluminum-air batteries are much less expensive and more compact and lightweight, but they can lose 80 percent of their charge a month. The MIT design overcomes the problem of corrosion in aluminum-air batteries by introducing an oil barrier between the aluminum electrode and the electrolyte — the fluid between the two battery electrodes that eats away at the aluminum when the battery is on standby. The oil is rapidly pumped away and replaced with electrolyte as soon as the battery is used. As a result, the energy loss is cut to just 0.02 percent a month — more than a thousandfold improvement. The findings are reported today in the journal Science by former MIT graduate student Brandon J. Hopkins ’18, W.M. Keck Professor of Energy Yang Shao-Horn, and professor of mechanical engineering Douglas P. Hart. While several other methods have been used to… Read more

Property Trends: Property management and security at your fingertips


Via The Edge Markets : Smartphones and apps have become such an important part in our lives these days that we would feel lost without them. We have come to rely on apps for messaging, navigation, ride hailing, games and much more. Apps for the property industry are becoming widespread as well. LaurelCap Sdn Bhd director Leea Wei Keat says he first noticed the trend in 2015. Now, they are widely used as they are less expensive to install, set up and maintain, thus saving on costs,says Lee. For example, an app could be used to replace a traditional intercom system, which is more expensive and tedious. Mobile apps eliminate this issue besides being more versatile, and “can be updated and new functions introduced.” The downside is that they require internet and mobile coverage, might hang from time to time and require rebooting. Reapfield Properties Sdn Bhd group chief operating officer Jonathan Lee highlights another issue with apps, which is information and data protection. “Some consumers might not be able to adapt to this kind of technology and a lot of education and awareness has to take place.” He also saw the emergence of apps two to three years ago and believes this is due to increasing awareness of technology and the proliferation of mobile phones. Jonathan notes that property apps will be more sustainable if they are adopted at a very early stage. “For example, if I, as a developer, come up with my own version of an app, it… Read more

Making wind farms more efficient


Via Science Daily : With energy demands rising, researchers have completed an algorithm — or approach — to design more efficient wind farms, helping to generate more revenue for builders and more renewable energy for their customers. Wind energy is on the rise, and not just in the US,” said Mohammad Rasouli, assistant professor of electrical engineering at Penn State Erie, the Behrend College. “The efficiency of solar panels is less than 25 percent, and is still a subject of current research. Wind turbines, on the other hand, are much more efficient and convert over 45 percent of the wind energy to electricity.” Though wind turbines are efficient, wind farm layouts can reduce this efficiency if not properly designed. Builders do not always put turbines in the places with the highest wind speeds, where they will generate the most power, said Rasouli. Turbine spacing is also important — because turbines create drag that lowers wind speed, the first turbines to catch the wind will generate more power than those that come after. To build more efficient wind farms, designers must take these factors into account wind speed and turbine spacing, as well as land size, geography, number of turbines, amount of vegetation, meteorological conditions, building costs, and other considerations, according to the researchers. Balancing all of these factors to find an optimum layout is difficult, even with the assistance of mathematical models. “This is a multi-objective approach,” said Rasouli. “We have a function and we want to optimize it while taking… Read more

Green, and then some: Architecture firms are helping cities raise the stakes in green design


via Building & Design Construction: Cities and counties around the country are taking sustainability to new heights—and architecture firms are helping them raise the stakes in green design. San Diego and New York are among a growing number of local jurisdictions that are expanding the scope of their energy- and water-use requirements for new construction. The County of San Diego has committed to making all new buildings achieve zero net energy—preferably to produce more energy than they consume through on-site energy generation. In New York City, staff members at architectural firm FX Collaborative (formerly FXFowle) are actively involved in various task forces related to green building codes and policy. Lately, the focus has been on setting energy use intensity, or EUI, targets for buildings, as opposed to energy cost savings, which is the metric used by LEED and municipal energy codes, says Ilana Judah, AIA, OAQ, LEED AP BD+C, CPHD, FX Collaborative’s Principal and Director of Sustainability. The city recently passed a law that will grade a building’s performance and require the owner to post the grade in a highly visible location. Energy-efficiency requirements are getting tougher. Strategies that once were optional are now being incorporated into building and energy codes. Massachusetts now requires multifamily residential buildings in designated Green Communities to comply with higher HERs ratings, Energy Star certification v3.1, or Passive House certification PHIUS+ 2015. Linda Toth, a Sustainability Specialist in Gensler’s Washington, D.C., office, says a growing number of jurisdictions in every climate zone have green-building mandates coming… Read more

Harris Corp. and Nano Dimension successfully 3D print RF circuit


via 3D Printing Media Network: American technology company Harris Corporation has utilized Nano Dimension’s electronic 3D printing technology to successfully manufacture a radio frequency (RF) amplifier. The electronic components, printed on the DragonFly Pro, have demonstrated performances comparable to those of a traditionally manufactured RF circuit, marking an exciting milestone for 3D printed electronics. Harris Corporation has been working in partnership with the Israel Innovation Authority and the Space Florida Foundation to research the benefits of adopting additive manufacturing for creating RF circuits for wireless systems. The project is part of a larger initiative to develop and commercialize new technologies for the aerospace industry. In developing the RF circuits, Harris—a leader in RF circuit development—chose to work with Nano Dimension to leverage its multi-material DragonFly Pro 3D printer. The Nano Dimension technology enabled the company to design and manufacture the RF circuits in a single print. A specialist in RF circuits for electronic warfare and communications systems, Harris has been working to improve the mobility and performances of the devices in recent years. RF circuits themselves are used to transmit data, video, voice and other information across long distances. Using traditional manufacturing, producing an RF circuit is a complex and multi-step process that incurs high costs. With the DragonFly Pro 3D printer, however, Harris was able to print a 101 x 38 x 3 mm circuit in just 10 hours. The circuit in question was made using Nano Dimension’s silver nanoparticle conductive ink and its dielectric ink. Final components were then… Read more

Ten tips on how to engineer a flexible career with your transferable skills


via the Engineer: Chris Guyott, Engineering Director at Frazer-Nash Consultancy, explores how identifying your transferable skills can help you on your career journey. Do you love your job? Does it offer you the variety and challenge you need? If not, taking a more flexible view of your skills could let you design something that will make every Monday morning a pleasure. In a world where change is the only constant, the days of people remaining in the same engineering job for more than 40 years are in decline. Your career path is no longer a fixed journey from A to B, but often a more fluid route that takes in the whole alphanumeric spectrum. But with skills shortages in a variety of sectors offering additional opportunities, you may even decide to apply your skills to a whole new area. Working within the consultancy environment we see this every day: our people take their expertise and best practice from one area and apply it to solve problems in other industries. Key to this flexible approach, however, is identifying the necessary transferable skills to make cross-sector working a success. Outlined below is a ‘top ten’ of the transferable skills you should include on your CV 1 Commercial sense Your organisation needs to be successful for you to succeed. If you develop an understanding of the broader business world, you can recognise potential opportunities, and can ‘sell’ how what you do can help potential and existing customers 2 Project management You develop and enhance… Read more